The deliverable offers an exhaustive examination of the use cases, technical prerequisites, as well as ethical, privacy, and GDPR considerations that will govern the activities of Large-Scale Pilots (LSPs) in the ATLANTIS project. Within this report, we acquaint the Critical Infrastructure (CI) operators involved in the ATLANTIS initiative, and expound upon taxonomies of threats encompassing cyber, physical, and human (CPH) risks pertinent to critical infrastructure systems. Additionally, we elucidate sample scenarios illustrating the potential impacts of CPH hazards on CI systems, delineating their conceivable ramifications.
In-depth enumerations of threats affecting the participating organizations are furnished by the experts within each entity, evaluating both the likelihood and the potential impact of each risk. A comprehensive risk assessment is presented, accompanied by a depiction of the interdependencies within each sector, predicated on the threats identified. Lastly, we offer a concise summary of the legal and ethical concerns intertwined with the project’s pursuits.
The deliverable D1.2 provides a comprehensive overview of the ATLANTIS framework architecture which aims to enable coordinated risk assessment and mitigation of cyber-physical threats across Critical Infrastructures (CIs). The architecture identifies the system-level components including devices, assets, systems, networking characteristics, 5G/satellite communications, CCI-SAAM platform, inter-Blockchain/DLT, and edge cloud offloading.
The deliverable also provides sequence diagrams describing how the software components will interact under different scenarios. Key countermeasures like earth observation, resilience, human sensing, disinformation tools, situational awareness, systemic risk analysis, risk reduction, threat intelligence, and others are explained.
The document highlights how ATLANTIS will be applied in three large-scale pilots spanning energy, transport, telecoms, health, logistics, finance, and border control sectors across many EU countries. Detailed use cases demonstrate the effectiveness of ATLANTIS in ensuring CI resilience.
Overall, the deliverable provides a well-defined meta-architecture that enables the structured development of an integrated framework to assess and mitigate systemic risks across interconnected European CIs. The architectural specification serves as a foundation for implementing coordinated security capabilities across diverse CI domains.
The deliverable provides the initial Data Management Plan (DMP) for the ATLANTIS project. The DMP is part of Work Package 5 – “Cross-CI Large Scale Pilots validation and penetration testing” and it is a living and changing document in which information will be made available on a finer level of granularity through updates as the implementation of the project progresses and when significant changes occur. DMP gives an overview of the ATLANTIS Data Management life cycle for data to be gathered, processed, and/or generated as part of making its research data findable, accessible, interoperable, and re-usable (FAIR), in accordance with the FAIR Data Management guidelines. FAIR data management ensures that the improvements and results generated based on these data can be duplicated and used by future EU-funded initiatives and the community at large.
Social media platforms are the second important tool for promoting ATLANTIS and for building a strong network of academics, professionals, and other stakeholders. The ATLANTIS LinkedIn account https://www.linkedin.com/company/atlantis-horizon-europe-project was set up as a first step to establish contact with the key players in the field. Additionally, to enhance our digital presence and engagement, we have launched an ATLANTIS YouTube channel (https://www.youtube.com/@Atlantis-eu), dedicated to sharing our video content.
In addition, as part of these activities, the individual exploitation plans of each have been collected and analysed in order to understand how to exploit the project results both individually and in collaboration with other partners. Moreover, this deliverable collects a market study analysis concerning the main ATLANTIS markets along with the current solutions offered in the market, main ATLANTIS outcomes and proposed solutions along with the ATLANTIS Business Model Canvas, potential ATLANTIS target customers.
To ensure that the obtained insights, know-how, and innovations generate direct, tangible, and long-lasting impacts, the project defines several complementary activities including collaboration, communication, dissemination, training, standardisation, and policy making.
The SUSTAINABILITY phase (M31 – M36, April 2025 – September 2025) concentrates on maintaining project outcomes and impacts beyond completion. ATLANTIS works on disseminating results, promoting their adoption and replication, and advocating for changes in standards, policies, and practices.
D7.1 – Project Handbook outlines the internal procedures of the ATLANTIS project in terms of project execution, administrative management, management structures, communication and collaboration. It contains all the guidelines, processes, procedures, tools to be adopted by all partners to refer during the lifetime of the project. In addition, it describes the risk management processes and internal Quality Assurance (QA) procedures to be applied within the ATLANTIS project. Along with the QA procedures, an initial list of quality management assignments to the partners regarding the quality control of ATLANTIS deliverables is also presented. Likewise, as part of the risk management methodology, the document presents the risk registry of the project. The latter will be periodically updated and reviewed by the coordinating team and the work package leaders.
This deliverable fulfils one of the ethics requirements (No.1) laid out by the European Commission within WP8 of ATLANTIS:
Also, in the Ethics Summary Report two considerations were made, regarding the processing of personal data in ATLANTIS:
Based on the above, the document provides, firstly, the methodology used for the preparation of this deliverable and for collecting the requested information. Also, the applicable legal framework is being detailed and the main concepts are being explained, to facilitate the reading and understanding of the subsequent sections.
Furthermore, the Consortium explains, applying ‘data minimization principle’, how personal data processed are relevant and limited to the purposes of the research, the anonymization/pseudonymization techniques that will be implemented, the transfer of personal data within ATLANTIS project and the re-use of personal data by the ATLANTIS project.
This deliverable fulfils the second and last of the ethics requirements (No.2) laid out by the European Commission within WP8 of ATLANTIS:
Also, in the Ethics Summary Report two considerations were made, regarding the involvement of AI-based system/techniques in ATLANTIS:
Based on the above, the report provides, firstly, the methodology used for the preparation of this deliverable and for collecting the requested information. Also, the main outcomes from Task 1.3 – Ethical, Data Confidentiality & GDPR compliance requirements, relevant for development, deployment and/or use of artificial intelligence (AI)-based systems or techniques in ATLANTIS project are being presented. The deliverable also defines specific requirements which needs to be assessed and adopted by the Consortium in order to comply with the above-mentioned Ethics Requirement.
Furthermore, a checklist is being proposed to the technical partners involved in T1.4, T3.1, T3.2, T3.3, T3.4, T3.5, T4.1 and T4.2, based on the requirements and ethical principles described in “Ethics By Design and Ethics of Use Approaches for Artificial Intelligence” Guidelines released by the EC.